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What Are The Main Causes For Male Infertility Problems?

Infertility is a reproductive system problem that results in a couple’s inability to procreate. The reasons for infertility might vary and can be attributed to either partner. Male infertility occurs when a male’s reproductive system malfunctions, making it difficult for the couple to have a child.

In today’s world, male infertility is on the rise. Despite having regular unprotected sex for more than a year, approximately 15% of married couples are experiencing difficulty conceiving. Only 30% of couples in their thirties are able to conceive during the first three months; the remainder have difficulty due to male infertility concerns.

The inability to conceive a child can be stressful and frustrating, but a number of treatments for male infertility are available in India. 

Here’s a summary of some of the possible causes of male infertility. This is by no means an all-inclusive list.

Lifestyle Problems


Cigarettes not only harm the lungs, but they also have a negative impact on male sperm count. Male infertility can be caused by a reduction in sperm count and sperm cell motility.


Long-term alcoholics harm their sperm. In reality, drinking on a daily basis reduces testosterone levels, which might lead to infertility problems.

Drug Abuse

Anabolic steroids, which men use to bulk up their bodies, cause the testicles to shrink in size. This impairs the testicles’ ability to generate sperm. Illicit drugs, such as cocaine, marijuana, or other recreational drugs, can potentially cause sperm problems, resulting in infertility.

Nutrient Deficiencies

Vitamin C and zinc deficits can occur as a result of a poor diet. Both inadequacies impair a man’s capacity to generate healthy sperm. Consider taking supplement tablets if your diet isn’t giving enough nutrition.


The environment can exert a large deal of pressure on an individual, generating significant physical and emotional stress. This can have an impact on the bodily processes that are required to make healthy sperm. Prolonged emotional stress might impair a man’s ability to make sperm, resulting in infertility.


Hormonal Issues


Prolactin levels, which are typically associated with nursing moms, can lower sperm production in males. It also lowers male libido. Impotence may be a concern as well.


Thyroid hormone deficiency can disrupt libido, diminish sperm quality and quantity, and induce poor testicular function, resulting in male infertility. Male infertility is caused by 1% of hypothyroidism.

Physical Problems


The internal veins that run from the testicles to the abdomen swell in this condition. The expansion causes blood to overflow from the abdomen into the scrotum sac, jeopardising sperm development. This disease accounts for nearly 40% of male infertility.

Damaged Sperm Ducts

The ducts that transport sperm from the testicles to the penis are either clogged or destroyed in this scenario. The sperm is physically unable to exit the body, resulting in infertility.


This is a tissue condition in which the testes become twisted inside the scrotum. Swelling occurs in the area when blood veins delivering to the testes become clogged. If the testicles are not treated, they will become injured, resulting in irreversible male sterility.

Klinefelter’s Syndrome

A guy is born with an extra X chromosome in this genetic abnormality. The male will have swollen breasts and little testicles. The testicles will eventually atrophy, resulting in permanent infertility.

Retrograde Ejaculation

Because the bladder sphincter does not close during ejaculation, the semen is ejaculated into the bladder rather than the urethra. The disease, which affects about 1% of boys, necessitates remedial surgery.

Psychological Issues

Erectile Dysfunction

This is a very prevalent cause of fertility problems and is commonly referred to as impotence. It can be caused by a combination of factors. The majority of men who have this also have a psychiatric condition that produces low self-esteem, performance anxiety, and a great deal of guilt.

Premature Ejaculation

This refers to the problem in which the male ejaculates within thirty seconds of being penetrated. If ejaculation occurs before proper entry into the vagina, it can cause a reproductive problem.

Ejaculatory Incompetence

The guy in this disease is unable to ejaculate during coitus yet can ejaculate while masturbating. It is a rare psychological condition.

Infertility affects 8 million couples in the United States, with many requiring medical intervention to conceive. Both couples must be extensively assessed for causes in order to optimize treatment and minimize morbidity associated with probable underlying medical issues.

The pharmacist’s position in health care allows him or her to detect medications that may have a harmful effect on fertility, offer alternative treatments, and counsel patients on pharmaceutical use. ART advances have improved outcomes for severely infertile couples, but more research is needed to better understand the underlying causes of male infertility and develop more effective treatments.



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